The Pugalier sets out to retain the Pug's basic features whilst providing a slightly longer nose. This
is a deliberate effort to reduce those eye and breathing problems. Pugs belong to a group of dogs, such as the British Bulldog,
which are termed ‘brachycephalic'. These breeds are characterised by a short, broad, almost spherical head with a pushed-in
muzzle. It's this shortened muzzle which predisposes the animal to breathing difficulties and a protrusion of the eye-ball
beyond the sockets; leading to the possibility of an eye popping out. Lengthening the snout can assist breathing and provide
a deeper socket for the eyes. This breeding program has only been going for around two years and as with all cross bred dogs,
great variability in the offspring can occur, especially during the earlier matches. To date there is still a large variability
in the length of the snout.
The Pugalier's ears may also be longer than the Pug's due to the Cavalier influence. The cross breed
will also usually be bigger than a pure Pug. To date, breeders have only seen colour ranges in fawn and fawn with white. Coat
length is nearly always short, however the occasional pup may have some length in the coat due to Cavalier influence.
Temperament isn't really an issue with either of these breeds. Both are affectionate, though the Cavalier
is somewhat more compliant and calm than the Pug. Both breeds have a very ‘human-friendly' disposition and the cross breed
is much the same. The Pugalier has proven to be an outgoing, inquisitive and fun-loving dog and is highly recommended around
Health and lifespan
The whole point of this particular cross breed is to produce a healthier, more robust dog. So does
it work? Breeders say that less wrinkles are evident, reducing the likelihood of skin problems which can be associated with
the skin folds. In most, though not all offspring, snouts have become more elongated; minimising breathing problems and permitting
the dog to exercise more freely and reducing concerns of overheating. However, plenty of water and shade is always advised.
Eyes still appear to protrude with the more extreme cross breeds, so eye problems may still occur however ongoing breeding
programs may be able to reduce this problem over time.
Cavalier's are prone to suffer slipping knee caps, congenital eye defects and heart problems. The use
of disease-free breeding stock and the benefits of hybrid vigour - the process of reducing heritable defects common to purebreds
through crossbreeding, should account for a decline in the incidence of these conditions in Pugaliers. Breeders expect this
designer dog to have a lifespan similar to the parent breeds, about 10-12 years.
Maintenance and cost
A great benefit of this type of dog is its low maintenance. Unless the coat takes on the Cavalier appearance,
it won't require any intensive grooming. Although a puppy with many wrinkles will still require a wipe-over with a damp, clean
cloth on occasions. If the coat type is similar to that of a Cavaliers, grooming may still only be required once weekly. Prices
for these designer dogs are very competitive with that of the parent breeds. Pugaliers will cost between $600-$800
Pugs are known to experience problems whilst giving birth due to the narrow nature of the bitch's hips
in relation to the puppie's head and shoulders. Good breeders should be mindful of their breeding animal's conformation and
only breed from suitable parents. The contribution of the Cavalier's body shape may also reduce the incidence of birth problems.
a Pugalier makes a great companion dog ideally suited for small dwellings or even apartments. During
the puppy stage you may find the pugalier a little boisterous, though it should calm as it matures. These dogs don't require
extensive walks or daily exercise programs. They will simply receive sufficient exercise in their day to day activities. If
you live in the warmer zones of Australia, consider a Pugalier over a pure bred pug, it may be more suited to the hotter temperatures.